COVID-19: Family Law Resources
Stay up to date with the latest information about how the pandemic is affecting the family court system and those it serves.
You can take action now to resolve your legal matter during the COVID-19 crisis.
News & Resources
We’re here to help with court information, safety tips, and even a little humor during these trying times.
You Can Take Action Now
The courts are open during the pandemic, albeit in a limited capacity. All courts are hearing emergency matters for child custody and domestic violence restraining orders. Some courts are accepting filings for non-emergency matters, and others are accepting and processing documents.
Whatever your issue is, do not delay taking action toward resolving your matter.
Avoid the ripple effect of court delays
It is important to act now because you can take steps now to mitigate the ripple effect of court delays that the pandemic is causing. For example, filing your documents now may preserve your hearing date. Sending your documents for receipt by the court now may preserve your place in line for filing.
At a minimum, it may benefit you to prepare your documents for immediate filing upon the conclusion of the pandemic. Your action plan will vary depending on the specific facts of your case and the county where you file.
Save your place in line
Waiting to take action can cause a substantial delay to your case. Your case will be set for hearing after those who did not wait.
Filing now, if possible, you also may be able to preserve important rights for yourself, like “retroactivity” in support matters. You should be discussing with your attorney whether this is an option for you.
If your county is not accepting filings, but it is accepting the receipt of documents, it is important to speak with your attorney about your options in submitting your documents for processing now. This will help to secure your place in line so that you can avoid additional delays caused by the anticipated congestion and rush filings which will inevitably occur when courts begin operating at their full capacities again.
Superior Courts in California have limited operations during the outbreak. Learn what this means for your case. Click or tap on your county for the latest information.
County of San Bernardino
(September 2020) – In San Bernardino County, the Family Law Court reopened on May 29 with modified service hours from 8 a.m. – 2 p.m. All matters set during the closure have been ordered continued; most hearing dates and notices have been sent to attorneys and parties. Please check the court case information available on the court website for the latest information. All notices will be mailed to the address on file.
The court is accepting paperwork and scheduling hearings for child support modifications resulting from job loss.
If your matter falls within the category of time-sensitive and essential proceedings, you can file your documents via fax filing at (909) 708-8586 or in person in the civil clerk’s office at the San Bernardino Justice Center located at 247 W. 3rd St. San Bernardino, CA 92415, 3rd floor.
Remote appearances can be accomplished via CourtCall.
Court Call: (888) 882-6878
Please note that face coverings are required to enter the courthouse as required by county mandate.
Click Here to visit the SB-Court.org website for the latest court news updates and legal notices released by the Superior Court of California, County of San Bernardino.
County of Orange
(November 2020) – Unfortunately, the number of positive COVID cases in Orange County is increasing at an alarming rate, forcing the County to return to the Purple Tier. We did not modify the safety protocols we have implemented at the Court when we moved from Purple to the less restrictive Red Tier, therefore we are not implementing any new safety protocols at this time as we move back into the Purple Tier. In addition, because the Court is an essential service and our reopening efforts are not directly tied to the tier system, we do not anticipate any modification to our current operational plans.
The courthouses of Orange County Superior Court remain open for limited in-person services. Members of the public should NOT visit a courthouse unless they have been notified by the Court that they have an in-person hearing or they have scheduled an appointment to enter the building for counter services.
This approach allows the Court to manage the visitor level at each courthouse, while following health protocols. The Court is continually working to provide Safe Access to Justice and requires face coverings for anyone entering a courthouse. Exemptions issued by anyone other than the Court will not be honored.
For Court ADA accommodations and exclusions, please email ADAinformation@occourts.org or visit: http://www.occourts.org/directory/ada/. Social distancing rules will also be strictly enforced in all facilities; thus, the number of individuals entering public courtrooms and elevators will be subject to space limitations. Persons displaying possible coronavirus symptoms will not be allowed to enter Court facilities.
Kostas Kalaitzidis | Public Information Officer
Orange County Superior Court
Click Here to visit the OCCourts.org website for the latest court news updates and legal notices released by the Superior Court of California, County of Orange.
County of Riverside
(September 2020) – In Riverside County, the Family Law Court has begun to restore services in family law matters. Previously, the courts had enacted holiday provision that limited the court to hearing only emergency matters. Effective May 18, that provision has been lifted. Adoption and Termination of Parental Rights filings resumed in June.
Clerk’s offices at the Larson Justice Center (Indio), Southwest Justice Center (Murrieta), and Hall of Justice (Riverside) will remain open daily from 9:00 a.m. to 2:00 p.m. for processing emergency matters as follows:
- File or pick-up any type of restraining order;
- Request family law emergency orders (i.e. custody/visitation);
- Request other types of emergency ex parte application relief; and
Beginning June 8, 2020, family law emergency matters currently being filed in the Hall of Justice will begin being accepted in the clerk’s office of the Riverside Family Law Court, located at 4175 Main Street, Riverside.
Customers may continue to file non-emergency documents in one of three ways:
- Online via the eSubmit Document Submission Portal at
https://www.riverside.courts.ca.gov/FormsFiling/ESubmit/esubmit.phpThe eSubmit program allows court customers to electronically deliver documents to the court securely via the internet. The eSubmit fee of $1.85 is suspended through June 30, 2020.
- Mailed or delivered to the court for processing. Addresses can be found on the court’s website; or
- By placement in a drop box at any of the open justice centers. Drop boxes are available for customers to drop off filings for submission to
the clerk’s office.
Effective May 18, 2020, the court resumed in-person hearings on permanent domestic violence restraining orders at each of the open justice centers. Notices of dates, times, and locations of in-person hearings will be mailed to parties. For non-DVRO matters, there is no stated date of return for in person hearings.
Effective June 8, 2020, the court resumed family law calendar matters, with the exception of trials, trial readiness conferences and mandatory settlement conferences. We are getting notices for telephonic appearances for hearings set in January. All hearings (non-DVRO) are telephonic “indefinitely.” Notices of dates, times and locations of telephonic hearings will be mailed to parties.
Child Custody Recommending Counselor (CCRC) Appointments
The court will commence child custody and visitation CCRC appointments on May 18, 2020. These sessions will be conducted via videoconference. Notice of the new or rescheduled appointments will be mailed to all parties.
Click Here to visit the Riverside.courts.ca.gov website for the latest court news updates and legal notices released by the Superior Court of California, County of Riverside.
County of Los Angeles
EFFECTIVE IMMEDIATELY, public access to courthouses is restricted to authorized persons only and measures to enforce social distancing in courthouse hallways and courtrooms will be strictly enforced as coronavirus cases and hospitalizations surge in Los Angeles County, Presiding Judge Kevin C. Brazile announced today.
The General Orders the Court issued in response to the COVID-19 pandemic prompted lawsuits from civil litigants seeking to have the Court adjudicate their cases. While some attorneys sought jury trials, other attorneys objected to coming into court during a pandemic.
Recently, despite mandatory and previous General Orders (See General Orders filed June 5, 2020, July 6, 2020, and October 13, 2020) requiring the use of face masks and social distancing and ubiquitous signage in each courthouse reiterating the face mask and social distancing mandates, attorneys, litigants, and others routinely remove their masks, wear their mask improperly, and/or fail to observe social distancing while in courthouses. Non-compliance with the basic protective measures that this Court has repeatedly required by way of prior General Orders to reduce the spread of the SARS-CoV-2 virus may increase COVID-19 infections.
Under General Order (2020-GEN-25-00) issued today:
- Public access to courthouses is limited at all times to judicial officers, court employees, co-lessees, Judicial Council staff, vendors, jurors, mediators, authorized persons (including news media representatives and news reporters), attorneys, litigants and witnesses with matters on calendar, and individuals with confirmed appointments.
- In the interest of enforcing social distancing and to reduce the number of people in courthouses, effective Monday, November 30, 2020, members of the public, not otherwise referenced above, who wish to attend a court proceeding may do so upon advance request and at the discretion of the judicial officer presiding over the matter. Instructions on how to make such a request are available on the Court’s website at the Here for You | Safe for You page. All persons attending remotely must comply with applicable California Rules of Court, including Rule 1.150.
NEW ORDER 2-2-2-2
There shall be no recording by anyone of the court proceeding, hearing or trial.
- Attorneys, litigants, witnesses and authorized persons are prohibited from gathering with or speaking to anyone outside their household in courthouse hallways or public areas of the Court unless they can do so at least six feet apart from each other and while wearing masks over their nose and mouth.
- To enforce social distancing, each court department shall schedule only the number of matters during each session as it can accommodate consistent with social distancing requirements in courtrooms and outside hallways of the courthouse.
- Eating in courthouse hallways and courtrooms by the public shall be prohibited at all times.
- Sheriff’s Department personnel are directed to enforce the mandatory face mask requirement and social distancing protocols in courthouses (2020-GEN-016).
Since the resumption of court services on June 15 and phased resumption of hearings began on June 22 in all 38 courthouses, the Court:
- Equipped all 600 courtrooms across the county with remote courtroom appearance technology;
- Required masks (without valves) be worn over the nose and mouth inside courthouses, unless medically certified as an exception;
- Posted social distancing signs to limit the number of people allowed in hallways, courtrooms and elevators;
- Provided hand sanitizer and disinfecting wipes in key traffic areas, and increased cleaning of restrooms and high-touch surfaces;
- Installed over 5,600 plexiglass barriers at security screening stations, public counters and courtrooms;
- Provided drop boxes outside each courthouse; and
- Required advance appointments for in-person service at the Clerk’s Office and Self-Help Centers. Call centers at each courthouse are available to reserve appointments for in-person service and get answers to questions. Contact the call centers at this link: http://www.lacourt.org/newsmedia/ui/pdf/CALLCENTERPHONENUMBERSfinal.pdf.
The Court is operating under its Here For You | Safe For You initiative to provide a safe courthouse environment while offering services that allow court business to be conducted remotely. Whether appearing by phone, from home, the office or coming to the courthouse, the Court provides safe, efficient options to access justice. The Court’s remote courtroom appearance technology options promote social distancing by reducing the number of people appearing in person.
County of San Diego
For those who must enter the courthouse, all individuals must wear a face covering, unless prevented by doing so due to a medical or mental health condition or developmental disability, and submit to a temperature screening.
The Court is still accepting and handling ex parte applications for domestic violence temporary restraining orders (DVTRO) in the same manner as they were handled during the closure, i.e., the court will review and grant or deny the DVTRO request and set a hearing date for the domestic violence restraining order (DVRO).
In order to limit the number of people in the courthouses, the Court is accepting filings at all locations by drop-box and e-filing. The following documents currently cannot be e-filed and must be submitted in paper form via drop-box:
- Application and Orders for Publication/Posting
- Department of Child Support Services/Family Support Division Filings
- DVTRO/DVRO Paperwork (Initial and Subsequent Filings)
- Earnings Assignment Orders/ Income Withholding Orders
- Ex Parte Filings
- Mandatory Settlement Conference Briefs
- Notices of Lodgment and Accompanying Exhibits
- Requests to Continue Hearing (FL-306) and Orders on Request to Continue Hearing (FL-307)
- Proposed Orders, Findings and Orders After Hearing, Stipulations and Orders, QDROs, or Judgments
- Requests for Dismissal
- Requests to Appear Telephonically
- Subpoenaed Documents
- Surrogacy Filings
- Trial Exhibits
The Court has also recently begun accepting in-person/over-the-counter filings of certain documents. Click here the complete list of Family and Family Support Division filing restrictions and services,
Visit (http://www.sdcourt.ca.gov/) for the latest notices from the Superior Court of California in San Diego County.
Frequently Asked Questions
We know that families have many questions about how the pandemic affects their family law matters. Our attorneys have provided insights to address some of the common pain points that many are experiencing right now.
What can I do to be proactive in managing my custody case during COVID-19?
Contact your attorney. There is a lot of confusion regarding what to do, especially as it relates to parenting plans and their apparent contradiction with shelter in place orders. Before reaching out to the other parent, it is a good idea to review your court order, in detail, with your attorney. You should have a firm grasp on your rights, your orders, and your potential access to the courts should an emergency arise. This will allow you to have a more structured conversation with the other parent, without unnecessarily arguing about wrong information.
Stay updated. Over the past few weeks, we have seen drastic changes in recommendations about how to be safe. Do not spend all your time tracking statistics and reading horror stories. However, do remain aware of executive orders and safety protocol recommendations. You should follow these recommendations. Not only is this the right thing to do, it also helps ensure that you are not placing your children at risk in the eyes of the court.
Communicate with the other parent. This is a time for us to come together, for our children. Make sure that you ask questions, express your concerns, and communicate about how to best keep your children safe. This is not a time for accusations, or attacks. Effective co-parenting should include planning ahead in the event that one house becomes exposed to COVID-19.
Keep your children out of it. The more vocal you are about your concerns with your children spending time with the other parent, the more likely you are to confuse them, stress them out, and place them in a constant state of fear. Do educate your children on safety protocols and world events but keep conversation age appropriate. Choose your words carefully; what you say may be inadvertently alienating your children from the other parent.
Is there guide to help women in an abusive relationship navigate financial help?
As a result of the COVID-19 outbreak, domestic violence has escalated all over the world. To help overcome this issue, here’s a recently published guide on navigating financial help when leaving a relationship.
We want every woman in an abusive relationship to know there’s help, and that getting out is possible. This guide was created so those affected can learn about tools they can use to gain financial freedom.
This guide highlights the following:
- How financial abuse traps women in violent relationships
- Planning to get out of an abusive household
- Financial assistance for domestic violence survivors
(Courtesy of CreditCards.com)
Can I get an emergency order from the court for custody?
- Is there a heightened risk factor for the child, such as an underlying health condition?
- Is there a higher risk of exposure to COVID-19 due to a refusal by one parent to abide by safety precautions, shelter in place orders, and/or other orders such as social distancing?
- Does one parent work in a critical infrastructure field such as health care? If so, are there adequate safety precautions in place?
These factors are considerations. Working in the health care industry does not, in and of itself, create an emergency. Every case is different. Your success in obtaining a court order is going to depend on a myriad of factors and circumstances.
The procedure for making this request may also vary from county to county. It is important to discuss the process with your attorney, and whether the factors currently present in your case are warranting court relief. If your current situation does not present itself as a true emergency, there are different options and avenues that you may pursue during this time to keep your family safe.
Can I delay a custody exchange due to shelter in place orders?
The courts encourage visitation to continue unless there is a specific factor that would put a child at risk if the visitation were to occur. That issue can and should be communicated to the other parent immediately. The courts are encouraging parents to work together to do what is in the best interest of the child. However, if the issue cannot be resolved, the courts are available to make emergency orders if the safety of a child is at issue.
Should you have a safety concern related to your children, take advantage of the free visitation plan assessments we are offering during the COVID-19 crisis. You may have additional options based on specific safety concerns. Every case, court and judge are unique and we are available to discuss your particular situation.
My ex is keeping me from my child because she thinks I am exposed to COVID. What are my options at this point?
If you are being denied access to your child, your efforts to see your child should be documented. In addition, an attorney can assist you in obtaining orders for child custody and visitation. Denial of visitation rights without good cause can be a basis to modify child custody and visitation.
I don't think my ex is taking this pandemic seriously. How can I get him to take the precautions that I want him to in order to protect the children from COVID-19?
You can certainly provide your ex with guidelines and orders you are able to locate, and request that the guidelines and orders be followed. Doing so in a polite and non-accusatory fashion is more likely to be received positively by your ex and considered positively by the Court. Neither parent has a right to demand that the other parent comply with his or her parenting style, but both parents have an obligation to make parenting decisions in the best interests of the child to ensure the child’s health, safety and welfare.
When your child is with you, you are in total control of social distancing and health-based choices. Likewise, your ex has total control of social distancing and health-based choices on his or her time. Shared custody necessarily means that different standards may often apply in different households, and each parent is expected to respect the other parent’s decisions. Only serious, obvious and indisputable endangerment of a child’s health and safety can or should be brought to the attention of the Court or appropriate social services agency, bearing in mind that resources are unusually limited.
I am not the custodial parent and I lost my job due to COVID-19 related work stoppage. How can I modify support payments if the courts are closed?
Please contact an attorney immediately if you lost your job due to a COVID-related work stoppage. Also, immediately provide your attorney with all documentation relating to your work stoppage or layoff. You should immediately apply for governmental assistance to the extent that is available, as Courts will expect all such remedies to be explored and exhausted.
Filing for a support modification as a proactive step makes sense if your perception is that this may be a long term issue, or perhaps you’ve been holding off filing for sometime based upon normal circumstances.
It may not make sense financially if you are certain that the situation will correct itself in a short time.
I am the custodial parent and my ex lost his job due to COVID-19 related work stoppage. He says he can't make support payments. What are my options? I don't want to struggle!
While such a work stoppage is a change in circumstances that can give rise to a modification of support, you as the other parent can defend such a request by demonstrating that other forms of employment are available. We therefore encourage you to search for and find openings in your area and provide that information to your ex. To the extent he or she fails to pursue any leads you provide, such a failure can be considered by a court in deciding whether or to what extent to modify support.
You should also inquire as to whether your ex has applied for governmental assistance to the extent that is available, as Courts will expect all such remedies to be explored and exhausted. Please contact an attorney immediately if your ex lost a job due to a COVID-related work stoppage and has either stopped or reduced payments.
I just can't with my spouse anymore. I want to file for divorce—can I even file a petition right now? What would the timeline look like?
Despite breakdowns in the court system, this is an excellent time to file for divorce, particularly for the self-employed or for those who historically were higher earners and now find themselves in challenging financial times. Your exposure to child and spousal support is less than it would otherwise be. The key is to make sure that you can reasonably afford to live in different households during this unprecedented timeframe. It is still possible to proceed with paperwork and remain in the same home if no other options are currently available.
How can a restraining order protect me if I am sheltering in place with my abuser?
A domestic violence restraining order can give you peace of mind and body, as well as the opportunity to obtain temporary use, possession and control over a residence. You should contact an attorney immediately if you believe you have been the victim of domestic violence.
What should I do if the other parent has left with our child?
You should contact an attorney immediately if the other parent has left with your child to explore the options available to you. If you do not have a court order and believe that your child has been kidnapped, you should contact law enforcement. If you have a court order and believe that the order is being violated, there may be remedies available to you including contempt proceedings and a request to modify your existing child custody and visitation order.
How can I file a paternity action if the courts are closed?
Many courts are accepting filings, and those that are not will generally receive documents. Since it takes time to prepare paternity actions, it is best to consult with an attorney as soon as possible and to develop an action plan both for settlement and eventual litigation purposes.
When will I be able to enforce my visitation?
While these are unprecedented times, there will be opportunities in the near future to pursue enforcement of visitation orders. You should consult with an attorney as soon as possible to begin documenting your efforts to obtain visitation and the other parent’s refusal to comply so that these circumstances can be properly communicated in writing to the court at the appropriate time.
My property settlement has not been paid; how can I enforce it?
There are many ways to enforce property settlements including judgment liens and writs of execution. In addition, property settlements due on a particular date may be subject to interest at the legal rate that continues to accrue and accumulate for as long as they remain unpaid. You should consult with an attorney as soon as possible if you have an unpaid property settlement to explore the options available to you.
With everything going on with the stock market, what if we are going through a divorce and disagree about what to do with investments?
If you and your spouse disagree with the current strategy of an invested asset, the first approach is to notify the other spouse of your desire to divide the asset by mutual agreement so that you can have control over investing your portion. If this does not succeed, you will have documented your desire and may have a claim against the other spouse for refusing to make reasonable and good faith efforts to safeguard your assets, bearing in mind few courts will fault either party for the unprecedented drop in value of investment assets due to fallout from the COVID-19 outbreak.
Which parent receives the rebate for the CARES Act stimulus check?
Under the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security Act (the “CARES Act”), taxpayers are entitled to receive a Recovery Rebate, the amount of which depends on the taxpayers filing status and adjusted gross income. Adjusted gross income for Recovery Rebate calculation purposes is determined by 2019 income tax returns, or 2018 income tax returns, if 2019 returns have not yet been filed.
Single filers with adjusted gross income of $75,000 or less, or head of household filers with adjusted gross income of $112,500 or less, are entitled to a $1,200.00 rebate. Married taxpayers filing jointly with adjusted gross income of $150,000.00 or less are entitled to a $2,400.00 rebate. The rebate is reduced by $5.00 for every $100.00 above the foregoing thresholds, fully phasing out as follows: at $99,000 or higher for single filers; at $136,500.00 for head of household filers; and at $198,000.00 for joint filers. Taxpayers are eligible to receive an additional $500.00 for each “qualifying child.”
“Qualifying child” for purposes of the Recovery Rebate means any child that qualified for the Child Tax Credit on the taxpayer’s most recently filed (2019 or 2018) income tax return. The parent who claimed the Child Tax Credit on their most recently filed income tax return will automatically receive the $500 for each qualifying child.
$500 child stimulus credit should be paid to the custodial parent.
There is no repayment adjustment with regard to either the $1,200 stimulus credit or the $500 child credit. If you are paid too little because of a change in income, the IRS says you can claim the additional credit next year when you file your 2020 tax return. But you would never have to repay the stimulus money, even if you were overpaid.
Inside Holstrom, Block & Parke
In adhering to social distancing guidelines that keep our staff and clients safe from coronavirus, we are working remotely and meeting with clients using teleconferencing technology. Here’s a look inside our home offices and our four-legged friends.
It’s important to understand the social impacts of what we are currently living through. The news features below provide insight into the phenomena that arise during this unprecedented time.
We’ll continue to curate information found online and deliver it here, in a filtered view for easy consumption.
“The pandemic’s challenges and anxieties are helping some ex-spouses overcome old tensions for their children’s sake.”
Robert and his ex-wife have been divorced for 13 years, during which time they have largely parented their 15-year-old son in a parallel fashion. They communicate exclusively by email and only about the most important matters—medical appointments, notices from school. The rest remains undiscussed. “I’ve tried for ages to encourage more active joint decision-making,” says Robert, a graphic designer near Boston.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of The Wall Street Journal
When the new coronavirus initially hit Colorado in early March, many flocked to grocery stores and cleared shelves, preparing for the potential of hunkering down in their homes. But for Jeara and her four young children, those first days of the virus looked a little different.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of USA Today
One evening last week, a 38-year-old woman showed up in the emergency room of a Los Angeles hospital. She had been beaten by her boyfriend.
Under normal circumstances, the hospital would contact a domestic violence advocate, who would meet with the woman in person and help her find shelter and other services.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of The Los Angeles Times
For victims of relationship violence, staying home isn’t always safer
As all of us across California are urged to avoid public spaces to prevent the spread of coronavirus (COVID-19), staying home for victims of relationship violence can be just as dangerous. What do you do if you’re trapped in the most terrifying place — your own home?
COVID-19 restrictions are creating the perfect storm for spikes in relationship violence between intimate partners and families. Start with an already abusive relationship, add stay-at-home mandates, the financial stress of unemployment, school closures and more, and we see increased rates of relationship violence across the board, with victims separated from the people and resources they need most.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of The Orange County Register
So, here’s a legal pickle: Mom and dad are divorced, and their child spends every other weekend and Wednesday nights with dad.
The virus hit and the governor of California puts a stay-at-home order into effect while the child is at dad’s house. Mom asks dad to bring him home when his weekend is over and dad says no, the new requirement is for nobody is to travel except for essential services. The father adds that mom works as a grocery clerk and could bring home all kinds of germs whereas dad is staying at home since being furloughed from the restaurant where he works. He goes on to say it’s safer at his house because he, his new wife and their two kids are all shuttered.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of The Press-Enterprise
Serving Our Communities
Still strong and thankful for the many volunteers at Big Brothers Big Sisters. During this difficult time, we remain committed to all of our Bigs, Littles and their families. We want to do our part to keep them safe and healthy, and also ensure they do not lose the valuable relationships they’ve built through our program.
Laughter: The Best Medicine
A little levity can go a long way when your emotional state fluctuates between stress and utter boredom. Here are some gems we hope you’ll enjoy. Follow our social media for more!
Since the coronavirus pandemic began, married people have been making a lot of jokes on Twitter about being locked up with their spouses.
Read Full Article
Courtesy of Nifty on BuzzFeed
We’re Here to Help
If you’re struggling with issues related to Family Law, please reach out to us – we may be able to help. As one of the largest privately-owned firms in Family Law, we have been around for a while and have seen all kinds of cases. Our attorneys have more than 300 years combined experience and will always put the needs of our clients first and foremost.